Cladding structures for steel-framed buildings are chosen with a view to
indoor climate and climatic characteristics of the area. According to their
thermal performance roofing structures are divided into insulated and
non-insulated (cold) types.
Wall and roof cladding can be of various types:
|a combination of variants|
Advantages of every option:
- if viewed from a technical and operational point of view, sandwich panels
with mineral wool or polymeric core are the most efficient and practical
option. Installation of wall and roof panels takes much less time which
automatically makes the installation work cheaper. Moreover, such works don't
require heavy and costly material handling equipment. There are practically no
maintenance costs: buildings with sandwich panels as cladding structures can do
without repair for a long time. In addition, sandwich-panels show good thermal
insulation and fire-resistant properties, resistance to hostile environment.
This material meets all the sanitary standards, and the polymer coating of the
inner surface can be repeatedly cleaned, which allows its successful
application even for the food industry.
Any material can be used for insulation depending on the requirements for heat conductivity and fire safety: basalt fiber (mineral wool), polystyrene foam, polyurethane foam and other materials with low thermal conductivity.
- unlike the sandwich panels, sheet-by-sheet assembly of cladding structures
involves a phased installation: step by step a rolled insulation with
reinforced and foiled surface is laid upon the girts and fixed with external
profiled sheets (double-layer).
Another option of a sheet-by-sheet assembly (3-layer): internal and external skins consist of profiled sheets and a layer of mineral wool insulation between them. Sheet-by-sheet assembly is rightfully considered to be one of the most inexpensive ways to insulate steel-framed buildings.
- for a non-insulated building wall and roof cladding structures are based on
the profiled sheets. A profiled sheet is a light-gage hot-dip galvanized steel
that can be additionally coated with polymer or paintwork. A distinction
is made between roof and wall profiled sheets. Roof profiled sheets have a
deeper profiling which increases the bearing capacity of the sheets. Wall
profiles have ribs of a smaller depth.
Non-insulated cladding structures are mainly used for "cold" warehouses of temporary storage, sheds and annexes, some types of agricultural buildings.
- in some cases it is recommended to use a combination of cladding structures to get all useful features and properties of the applied materials. For example, a sheet-by-sheet assembly of the roof and use of sandwich panels as a wall cladding can save on the cheaper materials without sacrificing basic technical characteristics.
As a raw material we mainly use rolled steel produced at Cherepovets steel mill, which shows a balance of a product quality and operational durability.
Unique high quality materials with polymeric coating produced at PAO Severstal as standards for the roofing market - "Steel Silk”, “Steel Velvet” and “Steel Cashmere" - meet the customers’ key requirements and are tailored to satisfy the operating needs of different regions:
Color of cladding structures is chosen in accordance with the customer's corporate image. The palette used by AO Severstal Sleel Solutions has 18 basic RAL colors.
Flat roof structure
Industrial buildings usually have flat roofs. The reason of high popularity lies in the economical efficiency of flat roofs: in spite of large areas they require noticeably less expenses than pitched roofs. Rather strict requirements of thermal protection are imposed on flat roofs which is not surprising: indoor climate in any building greatly depends on the quality of the roof, and its good thermal insulation helps to reduce heating expenses.
Flat roof design: